While pregnancy is an exciting and transformative period for several mothers, it can also generate various emotional concerns. These include feeling stressed, anxious, and overwhelmed. Although these emotional shifts are pretty common during and after pregnancy, persistent negative feelings can induce risks in a mother’s overall mental health. Some challenges that new mothers often face are postpartum blues and/or postpartum depression.
The Postpartum Blues or “Baby Blues”
This condition is typically characterized by mood swings that result from high hormonal fluctuations when a mother gives birth and is seen in about 80% of new mothers. Postpartum blues generally begin to emerge three to five days after delivery and should diminish as hormone levels begin to stabilize. Symptoms of postpartum blues can be characterized by the following: having trouble sleeping, feeling disconnected from friends and family, having a poor appetite, and feeling overwhelmed when taking care of the baby.
These symptoms often go away on their own; therefore, postpartum blues are not classified as a mental health disorder and do not have any particular treatment. However, if a mother continues to experience mood swings and depressed feelings for more than two weeks, then she may have to reach out for help; this could also signify the beginning of postpartum depression.
According to PhD psychologist Sheryl Kingsberg, “postpartum depression differs from the baby blues in that the symptoms are more severe and last longer.” Although postpartum depression is less common than the baby blues, about one in nine new mothers develops postpartum depression. Diagnosis is critical because it is very essential for a mother to be able to deeply bond with and feel connected to her baby. Severe depression can cause a mother to become less responsive to her baby’s needs, which could hinder the child’s physical and intellectual development.
If a mother is experiencing any of the following symptoms, she should not hesitate to contact her health care provider:
How can mothers take care of their mental health after delivery?
There is no single treatment for all mothers who experience postpartum depression or other serious emotional problems after delivery. Solutions range from medication and professional counseling to joining a support group of other moms who are going through / have gone through similar experiences. Nonetheless, mothers should continue taking care of their minds and bodies not only to cope with the challenges of motherhood, but also to have a fulfilling journey as a parent.